Journal of Chinese Linguistics Vol.4 – 1976

Journal of Chinese Linguistics vol.4 (1976) 中国语言学报 4 卷 (1976)

Volume 4, No 1

Articles 文章

Discussion 讨论

Corrigenda 勘误

Volume 4, No 2

Article 文章

Abstract 

This paper is an attempt to sketch a succinct, integrated, and self-contained history of phonology from Middle Chinese to modern Peking. The essential facts are presented and analyzed, new interpretations are offered on a number of points, but purely theoretical discussions are kept to a minimum. The article is divided into the following main sections:

0. Prefatory remarks
I. Background
II. Phonotactic conditions
III. Tonal developments
IV. Initial changes
V. Medial changes
VI. The great vowel shift
VII. The weakening of consonantal endings
VIII. Summary of rules and conditions
IX. Relative chronology
X. Concluding remarks

Footnotes
References
Appendix A. Tone correspondences
Appendix B. Initial correspondences
Appendix C. Final correspondences

Abstract 

This report summarizes the two-pronged Chinese Plato project conducted at the University of Illinois in the last few years that resulted in the creation of a file of three thousand Chinese characters and a set of Chinese Plato lessons which is currently being used by first year Chinese students. The article begins with an introduction of the Plato system, a computer-based instructional medium developed at the University. The design of Chinese characters on Plato is then discussed in connection with how the information of a character’s composition, including its line composition and stroke order, is stored in the computer and how the problem of naming homophonous character is solved. The second part of the report concerns the pedagogical use of Plato in teaching Chinese. The organization of the set of Chinese Plato lessons is explained and the contents of these lessons discussed. The discussion is centered on these aspects: the nature of the lessons as supplementary, the rationale of the textbook used, the teaching of pronunciation, characters, grammar, and the design of exercises to maximize interaction between the student and the computer. The teaching of pronunciation is facilitated by an audio device attached to the student terminal. A lesson generally consists of sections for vocabulary, grammar, and exercises. The vocabulary section helps the student recognize characters and learn how to write them in correct stroke order. Detailed examples of how certain grammatical aspects have been presented are also given here. The report ends with a brief self-evaluation and a projection of future development.

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